Plant resources in Tianma Mountain

( chinadaily.com.cn )

Updated: 2012-05-17

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The area of the nine peaks has nearly 655 species of plants under 123 families and 415 genera. It has the most abundant plant resources in Shanghai.

Tianma Mountain: Firmiana simplex-Rosa multiflora Thunb. and E.pungens (Ligustrum sinense Lour.)-Carex tristachya-Trachelospermum jasminoides colony: The arborous layer is dominated by Quercus fabri Hance, accompanied by Vernicia fordii, Celtis sinensis, Robinia pseudoacacia L., Quercus acutissima Carruth., Zelkova serrata, Ulmus parvifolia Jacq., Symplocos paniculata, Cinnamomum camphora , Sapindus, Cunninghamia lanceolata, Ailanthus altissima, Pterocarya stenoptera, Ligustrum lucidum, Ligustrum sinense Lour., Populus and etc.

The shrub layer is dominated by Rosa multiflora Thunb., E.pungens and Ligustrum sinense Lour., accompanied by Rubus hirsutus Thunb, Rubus coreanus, Lycium chinense Miller, Serissa foetida, Rhamnus globosa, Ligustrum quihoui Carr., Ilex cornuta Lindl. , Euonymus alatus, Fructus Crataegi Cuneatae, Rosa laevigata Michx., Elaeagnus argyi Levl., Cyperus alternifolius, Rhus chinensis and other shrub species.

In the shrub layer, there are also many arbor species, such as: Symplocos paniculata, Aphananthe aspera Planch., Quercus acutissima Carruth., Ailanthus altissima, Ligustrum lucidum, Cinnamomum camphora , Robinia pseudoacacia L., Celtis sinensis, Sapium sebiferum, Dalbergia hupeana Hance, Zelkova serrata, Cunninghamia lanceolata and Vernicia fordii. The herbaceous layer is dominated by Carex tristachya, accompanied by Poa acroleuca Steud., Herba Lophatheri, Carex scabrifolia, Semiaguilegia adoxoides, Lygodium japonicum, Plagiogyria japonica, Miscanthus sinensis, Chrysanthemum indicum, Cirsium japonicum, Pieris multifida, Pteridium aquilinum, Rubia cordifolia Linn., Polygonum hydropiper and etc. Interlayer plants are dominated by Trachelospermum jasminoides, accompanied by Cocculus orbiculatus, Ficus pumila and Pueraria lobata.

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